Structuring your the essay: how to

Structuring your the essay: how to


An essay, for example, on a humanitarian topic based on a literary work. In this type of essay in each
case study writers defend the rightness of personal opinion on a vital, moral, philosophical, etc. problem
from the studied literary text.

The essay’s extraordinary ability to transform genres should also be kept in mind. The essay can take on
a conditional form of an autobiography, a diary, a letter.

The structure of the essay is arbitrary and is good as long as it is fully subordinated to an appropriate
principle, as long as the construction is unified.


Formatting of individual paragraphs.


Paragraphs need to follow the chosen structuring principle. They may be arranged in a chain or on the
principle antithesis, they may seem to be mutually exclusive, but in any case, they must be part of the
whole, logical in the context of reasoning. In order to maintain the meaningful and structural unity of the
text, it is advisable to highlight themes and micro-themes, keywords, and conclusions.


Choice and implementation of transitions between paragraphs.


Since the essay is primarily an expression of personal thinking, expressions such as in my opinion in
my opinion I think, etc, but their use is by no means obligatory. These phrases may or may not be
spelled out. It is important that they are contained in the meaning of the text. A good transition to the
next thought (micro theme, paragraph) is one that follows the logic of the thought, does not break it up,
but smoothly continues the exposition.


Choice of means of expression


Once the choice of the content and structure of the essay has been made, those means of expression
best fit its intent. The essay assumes a richness of language, allows for the use of sentences,
aphorisms, and quotations, and very often benefits from the use of rhetorical questions, deliberate repetitions, similes, and metaphors.


Choice of an essay ending

 The question How do I end? is just as difficult and frequently asked as the question How do I
begin? But its answer is predetermined by the writing process already undertaken. A good

ending to an essay is a natural conclusion – a summary of the text that has already been

 Very typically the logic of the text connects the end with the beginning, the introduction is
transformed into a conclusion, and the implied idea in the opening paragraph becomes a poem.

 The so-called open ending is also possible – the apparent lack of a concluding paragraph, the
multi-colon expressing the possibility of variants, and the deliberate disengagement with a final
statement, because of the complexity of the problem.


Edit and correct


It is desirable to finish the work on the essay not by putting the last punctuation mark, but by
editing and proofreading.


 Reasoning, description, and narration in an argumentative text – essay.
 Reflection is the leading type of text. It is a speech act in which a problem is presented, justified, and solved. It looks for cause-and-effect relationships.
 Description – used in micro texts, revealing features of an object or phenomenon, in portrait
characterization of character, in describing natural phenomena, in conveying a situation.
 Narration – a speech act by means of which the speaker enables the listener to gain insight into
the event as a single process.


When writing an essay, reflect on

 causal relationships between facts and phenomena;
 comparison or contrast of facts and phenomena;
 life, historical and scientific examples;
 quotations (thoughts of famous people), proverbs, sayings;
 rhetorical questions and statistics are used to enhance the persuasive impact of the essay.


Structure of the essay


1. Introduction – write a few introductory words, not necessarily directly related to the topic.
2. Exposition – reflect on cause and effect relationships between facts and phenomena,
comparisons, examples, quotations, and proverbs, and use persuasive impact.
3. Conclusion – write the final opinion.


When checking the essay, look at


Whether the thesis of the essay is formulated correctly and accurately, whether an appropriate
a compositional variant is chosen, whether the evidence does not contribute to the argumentation of the
thesis, whether the conclusion does not summarize the reasoning from the evidence, whether there are
connections (meaningful, logical, and linguistic) between the micro text in the essay, whether the norms
of modern literary language are observed.




1. Theoretical argumentation of the problem. At least 3 aspects of the theoretical exposition of the
the topic should be presented.
For example: to reveal the concept itself, give examples, analyze characteristics, functions,
classifications, properties.
2. Practical argumentation or example from public life.

Spread the love

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!